Also called periodontology, periodontics is a subcategory of dentistry that specializes in the supporting structures of a person’s teeth, most notably their gums and mouth bones. This sub-field has become more well known in recent years due to the increased prevalence of periodontitis, a common oral health problem experienced by millions of people.
Periodontitis, or gum disease, is marked by infection and inflammation of the gums. It occurs when a person’s gum tissue becomes irritated due to excessive exposure to toxins found in plaque. As the disease progresses, the sufferer’s gums will begin to pull away from their teeth. When this happens, empty spaces called periodontal pockets will form. These spaces are prone to becoming prime locations for tartar, bacteria and plaque. Once the pockets are infected with these harmful materials, the disease is likely to reach the person’s jawbone and the connective tissue of their teeth. When this happens, tooth loss can occur.
The dental care experts at ProSmiles Dental know the dangers associated with gum disease, and we strongly advise our patients to seek treatment for this serious disorder as soon as possible. We provide patients with many treatment options that work to stop the spread of this condition, and possibly reverse damage that has already occurred.
If periodontitis is allowed to spread, it will eventually reach a person’s jawbone and cause serious damage. When this happens, a bone grafting procedure is used to restore the health of the jawbone. Bone grafting treatments utilize an artificial bone material and special proteins that work to regenerate and heal the deteriorated jawbone. In many cases, bone grafting procedures are used so that the jawbone becomes strong enough to support dental implants.
Dental Crown Lengthening
When a person’s gum tissue becomes swollen and inflamed due to periodontitis, a “gummy-looking” smile often occurs. To address this issue, we offer patients a cosmetic procedure known as dental crown lengthening. This treatment consists of removing and reshaping excess gum tissue in order to expose a larger amount of the patient’s natural teeth. Dental crown lengthening is also used to access teeth that have developed damage or decay below the gum line so that they can be repaired.
Gum Disease Treatment
Individuals suffering from gum disease should seek treatment as soon as possible. This is because the condition can quickly spread and cause serious problems such as inflamed gum tissue, buildups of bacteria and plaque and possibly even tooth loss. Our experts work hard to put a stop to gum disease using a wide variety of treatment methods, including professional teeth cleanings, scaling and root planing, root surface debridement and regenerative procedures.
Scaling and Root Planing
A non-surgical treatment method for gum disease, scaling and root planing consists of removing all of the plaque, tartar, and toxins that build-up above and below a person’s gum line. The first part of this procedure, called scaling, involves using special dental tools to remove any plaque that has accumulated on the surface of the teeth and on the root surfaces. The second portion of the treatment is known as planing, and it consists of smoothing out any rough areas that are present on the roots of the teeth. After scaling and root planing has been conducted, the patient’s gums will begin to heal and eventually reattach themselves to the teeth.
If you would like to learn more about gum disease and the treatment options that are available, please call us at (817) 369-8000 to schedule an appointment.